In 2017 the current state of industry is constantly growing and becoming ever more complex, leading to tremendous changes, affecting all industries across the globe and not to forget the increasing demand of new skills needed.
The real and the virtual world are growing closer and closer and the result is an increasing interconnectedness of the internet with components and services. Not only is technological development responsible for the continual evolution in industrial development, but also the growing demand for customer-specific products, along with flexible and responsive production systems.
Now more than ever before, productivity and quality standards are supposed to remain as high as ever, new product launches are demanded in shorter intervals and the use of the latest technologies is becoming mandatory to lead and stay relevant. The challenges are laid down for all to see, in how to seamlessly link real and virtual manufacturing environments. The development from an intelligent production chain will trigger the start of a new industrial revolution. The move from the industrial revolution 1.0 to the industrial revolution 4.0, is now known as Industry 4.0. This revolution is based on cyber-physical-systems (CPS). CPS enable connectivity and bring the physical and the virtual worlds together, enabling machines to exchange information independently and interact with each other, as well as with human beings.Source: Unsplash
Industry 4.0 stands for the upcoming wave of automation and international industrialization. It describes the technological evolution from conventional embedded systems to cyber-physical systems, which involve the ability to create value and establishment novel business models thanks to CPS.
The BMBF (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung) defines Industry 4.0 as: „The flexibility that comes from value-creating networks, is increased by the application of cyber-physical. -production systems (CPPS).” According to the BMBF, Industry 4.0 enables machines and plants to adapt their behavior to changing requirements and operations, through self-optimization and reconfiguration enabled by way of CPS.
The cyber-physical concept consists of three components which have increased in importance in the last years: Internet of Things (IoT), machine to machine (M2M) and cloud computing. CPS are also known as virtual manufacturing. These systems simulate and compare production opportunities in order to detect the optimal production path. The IoT – “Internet of Things” is a hugely important concept of the upcoming CPS. It is known as a computing aspect which describes the future in which every physical object will be connected to the Internet. IoT brings along the ability to identify every diverse object and transfer data over the whole network without requiring human-to –human or human-to-computer interaction, which simultaneously automates processes and functions for optimization of resources, reducing costs, increasing productivity and enabling faster responses to changes in markets and environments.
If you want to learn more about Industry, 4.0, CPS or the Internet of Things – register for free on Academy Cube and find a large range of courses.Topics: Digitalization